Urban dynamics and policy

“The ballet of the good city sidewalk never repeats itself from place to place, and in any one place is always replete with new improvisations.”

Jane Jacobs


July 27, 2020
New Twitter account @NeaveOClery live now. 

February 19th 2020
Apply now for the 4th edition of the Oxford Summer School in Economic Networks 2020 (June 22-26).

Screenshot 2020 02 19 at 14.00.06

About me

Originally from Dublin,  I am currently Associate Professor at the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA) at University College London where I lead a research group  focused on data-driven models for economic development and the emergence of complexity for urban systems.

I was previously a Senior Research Fellow at the Mathematical Institute at the University of Oxford. Before this I was a Fulbright Scholar and Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Center for International Development at the Harvard Kennedy School following my PhD (mathematics) at Imperial College. I am also founder and Editor in Chief of Angle – a journal based at Imperial College focusing on the intersection of policy, politics and science – since 2009. More …

PEAK Urban

PEAK Urban is a 4 year international multidisciplinary programme funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund (RCUK GCRF) involving researchers at the University of Oxford, Peking University, University of Cape Town, the Indian Institute for Human Settlements, and EAFIT University (Colombia).

The team from the Oxford Mathematical Institute will focus on studying cities as complex social, spatial and economic systems, with particular themes including knowledge diffusion, skills and agglomeration economies, industrial complexity and urban form. We will use a broad range of analytical tools from network science to machine learning. 

The Bo-Kaap or Malay Quarter in Cape Town, a former township that has been rejuvenated due to government support.


Network modelling of the UK’s urban skill base

The UK Government is encouraging cities to prepare for the economy of the future through, amongst other things, investing in skills. Policy makers, however, face a ‘data deficit’ on skills, which impedes strategic planning and decision-making. Through a novel data modelling approach, a new project is aiming to shed light on the industrial diversification potential of UK cities from a skills-based perspective. This project received funding from the Turing-HSBC-ONS Economic Data Science Awards 2018.

The Oxford Martin Programme on Informal Cities

Globally, the informal sector is estimated to represent over 60 percent of cities, with the vast majority of jobs in many of the world’s emerging economies considered to be informal. Understanding informal cities, and the millions of lives lived within them, is fundamental to meeting the SDGs. Yet the diverse and dynamic nature of informal cities creates a huge challenge for large-scale data collection and analysis. Find out more.

Providencia shop keeper


My research lies at the intersection of a number of fields including urban systems, economic complexity and economic geography, development, and network science. 



Urban density and agglomeration


Mapping opportunity and innovation


The study of complex systems


Postdoctoral researchers

  • Samuel Heroy
  • Daniel Straulino
  • Rafael Prieto Curiel
  • Samira Barzin

PhD students

  • John Fitzgerald [2019-]
  • Mattie Landman [2018-]
  • Sanna Ojanpera [2017-, online labour and development]
  • Nils Rochowicz [2017-, technological progress]
  • Francesca Froy [UCL, urban agglomeration]

MSc students

  • Silvia Nunez Gomez [2019, industry automation in Mexico]
  • Ioan Alexandru Puiu [2018, network comparison]
  • Yufei Zeng [2018, knowledge flow in Ireland]
  • Zhe Wang [2018, industry complexity]
  • Francois Hulot [2017, urban agglomeration]
  • Steffan Ridderbusch [2017, labour networks]

Undergraduate Students

  • Haoting Zhang [green diversification paths]


O’Clery N, Heroy S, Hulot F & Beguerisse-Diaz M (2021) Unravelling the forces underlying urban industrial agglomeration. Handbook of Cities and Networks, Edward Elgar Publishing
Straulino D, Saldarriaga JC, Gómez JA, Duque JC & O’Clery N (2021) Uncovering commercial activity in informal cities. ArXiv: 2104.04545.
Landman M, Ojanpera S, Kinsella S & O’Clery N (2021) The role of relatedness and strategic linkages between domestic and MNE sectors in regional branching and resilience. ArXiv: 2104.05754.
O’Clery N, Yildirim M & Hausmann R (2021) Productive Ecosystems and the Arrow of Development. Nature Communications 12: 1479.
Landman M & O’Clery N (2020) The impact of the Employment Equity Act on female inter-industry labour mobility and the gender wage gap in South Africa. United Nations WIDER Working Paper 2020/52
O’Clery N, Prieto Curiel R & Lora E (2019) Commuting times and the mobilisation of skills in emergent cities. Applied Network Science 4: 118.
O’Clery N, Flaherty E & Kinsella S (2019) Modular structure in labour networks reveals skill basins. ArXiv:1909.03379
Diodato D, Neffke F & O’Clery N (2018) Why do industries coagglomerate? How Marshallian externalities differ by industry and have evolved over time. Journal of Urban Economics 106 (1-26).
O’Clery N, JC Chaparro, Gomez A & Lora E (2018) Skill diversity as the foundation of formal employment creation in cities. Harvard Center for International Development working paper.
O’Clery N (2015) A Tale of Two Clusters: The Evolution of Ireland’s Economic Complexity since 1995. Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, One Hundred and Sixty-Eight Session
Prieto Curiel R, Quinones Dominguez M, Lora E & O’Clery N (2021) A Mobility Model for Return and Repeated Migration Based on Network Motifs. Preprint
Fitzgerald J, Ojanpera S & O’Clery N (2021) Is academia becoming more localised? The growth of regional knowledge networks within international research collaboration. Applied Network Science 6: 38.
Ying F & O’Clery N (2021) Modelling COVID-19 transmission in supermarkets using an agent-based model. PLoS ONE 16(4): e0249821
Heroy S, Loaiza I, Pentland A & O’Clery N (2021) Covid-19 policy analysis: Labour structure dictates lockdown mobility behaviour. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 18: 20201035.
Prieto Curiel R, Patino JE, Duque JC & O’Clery N (2021) The heartbeat of the city. PLoS ONE 16(2): e0246714.
Keith M, O’Clery N, Parnell S & Revi A (2020) The future of the future city? The new urban sciences and a PEAK Urban interdisciplinary disposition. Cities 105:102820.
Prieto Curiel R, Walther O & O’Clery N (2020) Uncovering the internal structure of Boko Haram through its mobility patterns. Applied Network Science 5: 28.
Straulino D, Landman M & O’Clery N (2021) A bi-directional approach to comparing the modular structure of networks. EPJ Data Science 10: 13
O’Clery N, Yuan Y, Stan G-B, Barahona M (2018) Global Network Prediction from Local Node Dynamics. ArXiv:1809.00409.
Schaub M, O’Clery N, Billeh Y, Delvenne J-C, Lambiotte R & Barahona M (2016) Graph partitions and cluster synchronization in networks of oscillators. Chaos 2016;26 (9).
O’Clery N, Yuan Y, Stan G-B & Barahona M (2013) Observability and coarse graining of consensus dynamics through the external equitable partition. Physical Review E. 2013;88 (4).
O’Clery N (2013) Node Dynamics on Graphs Dynamical Heterogeneity in Consensus, Synchronisation and Final Value Approximation for Complex Networks. PhD Thesis, Imperial College London. 
Heroy S, Loaiza Saa I, Pentland A & O’Clery N (2020) Commute and mobility patterns evidenced from telecommunications data can inform reopening strategies after COVID-19 lockdowns. PEAK Urban Scoping Brief.
Prieto Curiel R, Walther O & O’Clery N (2020) Uncovering the structure and mobility patterns of the Boko Haram terrorist group. PEAK Urban Scoping Brief
Ojanpera S, O’Clery N & Graham M (2018) Data science, artificial intelligence and the futures of work. Alan Turing Institute.


Tackling global challenges, one issue at a time. From energy and the environment to economics, development and global health, Angle focuses on the intersection of science, policy and politics in an evolving and complex world.

Fragile states – Caitlin Werrell & Francesco Femia
Anthropocene – Owen Gaffney
Coping with air pollution – Marguerite Nyhan
Mapping warfare – Roudabeh Kishi & Ciara Aucoin & Clionadh Raleigh